China’s first AI hospital town, developed by Tsinghua University, uses GenAI to revolutionize medical care.

China’s innovative AI hospital town, created by Chinese Tsinghua University, showcases how GenAI transforms healthcare. This virtual hospital uses intelligent agents powered by GenAI to simulate real-world medical environments, enabling advanced training and efficient patient care.

In this AI hospital town, GenAI-powered doctor agents treat virtual patients, achieving a 93.06% accuracy on the MedQA dataset. This system can diagnose and treat up to 10,000 patients in a few days – a feat that would take human doctors two years. The AI hospital can also simulate various medical scenarios, such as disease outbreaks, providing a risk-free training environment for medical students.

The AI hospital uses GPT-3.5 to generate roles for both patients and medical professionals. It includes 14 doctor agents who create treatment plans and four nurse agents for daily support tasks. These agents simulate the entire medical process from consultation to follow-up, ensuring comprehensive patient care within a virtual setting.

However, implementing GenAI in healthcare faces challenges, such as adhering to medical regulations, validating the technology’s maturity, and ensuring effective human-AI collaboration. Overcoming these hurdles is crucial for realizing the full potential of AI-driven diagnosis and treatment in real-world settings.